Lesson 4 – HTML Elements

What are HTML elements?

HTML elements are represented by a starting tag and a closing tag with content in between them.

For example –

element-and-tag

What are nested HTML Elements:

When one HTML element is put inside another HTML element, it is called nested HTML elements. Nested HTML elements are widely used these days, while making a web page. Example is shown below:

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
<head>
<title>Nested Elements Example</title>
</head>
<body>
<h1>This is <i>italic</i> heading</h1>
<p>This is <u>underlined</u> paragraph</p>
</body>
</html>

Result will be displayed as:

Nested Elements Example

This is italic heading

This is underlined paragraph

What are empty HTML element?

When there is no content in between HTML tags it is called Empty HTML element. E.g. <br /> is an empty element, where it is opened and closed without any content in between the tags. Please remember there is a space after br character followed by forward slash (/).

Interview Question:

  • Give some examples of empty html elements?

Here are some examples of empty html elements:-

Tag Description Syntax
<br> To break a line <p>**some text** <br /> **some text** </p>
<link> To link other page <link href=”freetutorialpoint.com” rel=”learn free html”>
<hr> To give a space between a paragraph <p> **some text**</p>  <hr>  <p> **other text**</p>
<img> To insert an image.
where src = source file, alt =   alternative text, width, and height act  as attributes
<img src=”image.jpg” alt=”logo” width=”104″ height=”142″>

Practice Exercise: 

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
<body> <p>This is a paragraph.</p> </body>
</html>
  • Find all Nested and Empty html elements and try to use them in above html code.
Click here to practice above exercise in real time HTML code editor

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